Ban on Household/Urban Pesticide Products Containing Chlorpyrifos and Dichlorvos as Active Ingredients

Consistent with the declared policy of the State to protect and promote the right to health of the Filipino people and instill health consciousness among them in the 1987 Philippine Constitution, and Republic Act (RA) No. 9711, otherwise known as the “Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Act of 2009”, the FDA hereby imposes a ban on household/urban pesticide products and pesticide formulation containing the active ingredients chlorpyrifos and dichlorvos.

I.    GENERAL INFORMATION

Some countries have already banned certain active ingredients of commonly used household pesticides as these chemicals were linked to cause damaging effects to humans, animals and the environment.

Ban on Chlorpyrifos

On June 8, 2000, The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced an agreement with pesticide manufacturers to remove chlorpyrifos, an organophosphate pesticide, from retail sale and residential and professional uses by the end of 2001, because of risks to children. In Yemen, chlorpyrifos was banned from sale and restricted for use in 2006. Household, home garden and domestic use of chlorpyrifos was banned in South Africa in 2010.

Exposure to chlorpyriphos has been linked to neurological effects, persistent developmental disorders and autoimmune disorders. Exposure during pregnancy retards the mental development of children.

Ban on Dichlorvos

New Zealand’s Environmental Protection Agency (NZ-EPA) has revoked authorizations for two household insecticide formulations containing the active substance dichlorvos, another organophosphate pesticide, following a reassessment. The reassessment was initiated by the NZ-EPA’s hazardous substances and new organisms sub-committee because of concerns over dichlorvos’ risk to health and the environment.

Acute symptoms of exposure to dichlorvos, include weakness, headache, tightness in chest, blurred vision, salivation, sweating, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal cramps, eye and skin irritation, miosis, eye pain, runny nose, wheezing, cyanosis, anorexia, paralysis, dizziness, ataxia, convulsions, hypotension and cardiac arrhythmias. Dichlorvos is toxic to fish and aquatic organisms. It is highly toxic to birds and to honey bees.

II.    GUIDELINES

1.    The ingredients chlorpyrifos or dichlorvos or mixtures thereof shall not be allowed to form part of any household/urban pesticide product.
2.    The importation of chlorpyrifos or dichlorvos for use in household/urban pesticide product shall not be allowed.
3.    All concerned establishments shall be given six (6) months phase-out period from the issuance of this Circular to exhaust all remaining active ingredient/s of or household/urban pesticide products containing chlorpyrifos or dichlorvos or mixtures thereof.
4.    It shall be the responsibility of the manufacturer, trader, distributor, importer, wholesaler or exporter to conduct inventory of stocks and ensure that active ingredient/s of or household/urban pesticide products containing chlorpyrifos or dichlorvos or mixtures thereof are removed from the market and shall no longer be made available to the market after the phase out period.
5.    The guidelines on the conduct of product recall shall be based on FDA Circular No. 2016-012 issued on 25 July 2016.
6.    The storage, transport, and/or disposal of these banned ingredients or household/urban pesticide products shall be in accordance with RA 6969, otherwise known as the “Toxic Substances and Hazardous and Nuclear Wastes Control Act of 1990” and its Implementing Rules and Regulations (IRR).

III.    PENALTY CLAUSE

Any establishment found to be in violation of the provisions of this issuance shall be subjected to sanctions and penalties as prescribed by RA 9711 and its IRR.

IV.    EFFECTIVITY

This Circular shall take effect immediately and shall remain valid unless otherwise revoked, repealed or rescinded.

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